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Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era by Jose Flich

By Jose Flich

Paving the best way for using community on-chip architectures in 2015 systems, this e-book provides the economic necessities for such long term structures in addition to the most learn findings for technology-aware structure layout. It covers homogeneous layout recommendations and directions, together with the options which are such a lot attractive to the and most fitted to fulfill the necessities of on-chip integration. each one bankruptcy bargains with a particular key structure layout, together with fault tolerant layout, topology choice, dynamic voltage and frequency scaling, synchronization, community on-chip assets uncovered to the structure, routing algorithms, and collective communication"--Provided via publisher.

"Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs) are diving very aggressively into when you consider that previous efforts to hurry up processor architectures in ways in which don't regulate the fundamental von Neumann computing version have encountered challenging limits. the facility intake of the chip turns into the restricting issue and units the foundations for destiny CMP structures. for this reason, the microprocessor is this present day top the advance of multicore and many-core architectures the place, because the variety of cores raises, effective conversation between them and with off-chip assets turns into key to accomplish the meant functionality scalability. This pattern has helped conquer the skepticism of a few process architects to include on-chip interconnection networks as a key enabler for powerful procedure integration. Networks-on-chip (NoCs) make functionality scalability extra a question of instantiation and connectivity instead of expanding complexity of particular structure development blocks. This publication comes as a well timed and great addition to the vast spectrum of obtainable NoC literature, because it has been designed with the aim of describing in a coherent and well-grounded model the root of NoC expertise, above and past an easy evaluation of study rules and/or layout reports. It covers extensive architectural and implementation ideas and provides transparent guidance on easy methods to layout the major community part, delivering robust assistance in a learn box that's beginning to stabilize, bringing "sense and ease" and educating difficult classes from the layout trenches. The ebook additionally covers upcoming study and improvement traits, akin to vertical integration and edition tolerant layout. it's a a lot wanted "how-to" advisor and a fantastic stepping stone for the following ten years of NoC evolution.

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Extra resources for Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era

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10 shows a logical block diagram including most of the elements described above. The link controllers implement flow control. 11. 10: Components required for data transmission over a point-topoint link. 11: Implementation of buffer queues using RAM memory. ory locations associated with each buffer queue, also maintaining a list of free memory locations. Buffer managers also generate memory addresses to store incoming messages. 2 Communication through a Single Bus The simplest way to establish communication among several devices consists of using a bus.

Depending on the clock frequency and the link length, a few bits to several packets can be on the same link at a given time. When channel pipelining is used, links should be full-duplex, thus allowing simultaneous transmission in both directions. A half-duplex connection would be very inefficient since it would be necessary to empty the link before changing the direction of data transfer. Channel pipelining has been traditionally used in computer networks for long-distance communication. Assuming that the transmitter stores data to be transmitted into a single physical or logical FIFO (first in, first out) buffer queue and that the receiver also stores received data into a FIFO queue, it is necessary to make sure that the capacity of the reception queue is not exceeded.

Xxx Preface Chapter 5 The only way to preserve functionality of irregular topologies is by means of topology agnostic routing algorithms. The latter are usually implemented by means of forwarding tables, which scale poorly in delay and area. This chapter reviews the main routing mechanisms for NoCs and focuses on the promising logic-based distributed routing, addressing the challenge to make it flexible in spite of its logic-based implementation. Chapter 6 In this chapter, architecture design and physical design are tightly interrelated: Today there is little doubt on the fact that a high performance and cost effective NoC can be designed in 45 nm and beyond under a relaxed synchronization assumption.

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