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Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities by Vivien A. Schmidt

By Vivien A. Schmidt

Democracy in Europe is ready the influence of eu integration on nationwide democracies. It argues that the oft-cited democratic deficit is certainly an issue, yet no longer lots on the point of the ecu Union in line with se as on the nationwide point. the reason for this is that nationwide leaders and publics have not begun to return to phrases with the institutional influence of the ecu at the conventional workings in their nationwide democracies.The publication starts with a dialogue of what the european is-a new kind of 'regional nation' within which sovereignty is shared, barriers are variable, id composite, and democracy fragmented. It then is going directly to research the consequences of this on ecu member-states' associations and ideas approximately democracy, discovering that institutional 'fit' issues. The 'compound' european, during which governing job is very dispersed between a number of specialists, is extra disruptive to 'simple' polities like Britain and France, the place governing job has usually been extra centred in one authority, than to equally 'compound' polities like Germany and Italy.But the e-book concludes that the genuine challenge for member-states isn't really rather a lot that their practices have replaced as that nationwide rules and discourse approximately democracy haven't. The failure has been one of many 'communicative' discourse to the final public-which back has been extra suggested for easy polities, regardless of their in all probability larger potential to speak via a unmarried voice, than for compound polities, the place the 'coordinative' discourse between coverage actors predominates.

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Extra resources for Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

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And the United States of course recognizes the sovereignty of the EU in European monetary policy and the single currency. However, the United States also considers the EU far from sovereign in security and defense policy, and lacking in any ‘one telephone number to call’. And yet, EU military missions in Bosnia and elsewhere depend on both Serbian (re. US) and UN recognition of the EU as a ‘sovereign’ military actor. 21 In the case of Iraq, the EU, by not having resolved the question of sovereignty in the security and defense arena, left the United States to decide with whom to deal—whether ‘new Europe’ or ‘old Europe’, in the words of Donald Rumsfeld.

Anderson (1983: 6–7). Hobsbawn and Ranger (1983). Renan (1947 (1): 892)—cited in Anderson (1983). Gellner (1964: 169)—cited in Anderson (1983). Weber (1976). For a short account of the long history, see Jenkins (2000). 42 For the Italians, Europe is the opposite of Italy, and therefore to be embraced for its effective governance, rule of law, transparency with regard to decision-making, and more. Finally, for the Germans, Europe is less defined by what it does than what it is, as a larger entity which subsumes German being under its doing, thereby protecting the country from its own past and bringing it into the future as part of a larger imagined community.

But while a fuller democracy with the people at the EU level would help alleviate some of the problems at the national level, it cannot solve them entirely. This is because the EU alters the traditional workings of national institutions and challenges traditional ideas about national democracy. What is more, the EU has a differential impact on its member-states depending on their particular mix of institutions and ideas about democracy. 115 Such 113 See Eising and Jabko (2001). 114 Mair (2001).

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