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Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the by Daniela Donno

By Daniela Donno

Even supposing approximately each kingdom on this planet this day holds multiparty elections, those contests are frequently blatantly unfair. For governments, electoral misconduct is a tempting but additionally a dicy perform, since it represents a contravention of even though approximately each nation on the earth at the present time holds multiparty elections, those contests are usually blatantly unfair. For governments, electoral misconduct is a tempting but additionally a dicy perform, since it represents a contravention of overseas criteria at no cost and reasonable elections. In Defending Democratic Norms, Daniela Donno examines how overseas actors reply to those norm violations. Which governments are punished for manipulating elections? Does overseas norm enforcement make a distinction? Donno indicates that even if enforcement is selective and comparatively infrequent, while overseas actors do hire instruments of conditionality, international relations, mediation and shaming in accordance with electoral misconduct, they could have transformative results on either the standard and end result of elections. in particular, enforcement works via empowering the household competition and lengthening the government's incentives to reform associations of electoral administration and oversight. those results count, in spite of the fact that, at the presence of a practicable competition stream, in addition to at the power and credibility of the enforcement attempt itself. The ebook exhibits that nearby overseas organisations own distinct assets of leverage and legitimacy that lead them to the main regularly powerful norm defenders, even in comparison to extra materially strong actors just like the usa.

Drawing on an unique dataset from nearly seven-hundred elections and incorporating case reports from the Dominican Republic, Serbia, Armenia, Kenya and Cambodia, Defending Democratic Norms is a daring new thought of overseas norm enforcement that demonstrates the significance of lively foreign intervention in household politics.

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Extra resources for Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

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Torture is another practice bedeviled by uncertainty, because governments can claim that agents acted contrary to orders or that local police forces were outside of state control (Hafner-Burton 2008, 709–711). Like disappearances and torture, electoral misconduct is an activity shrouded in ambiguity. Governments may go to considerable lengths to hide their actions (Hyde 2011b, ch. 5). And even if it is clear that misconduct took place, higher-order informational problems emerge. Was misconduct intentional?

Thus, enforcement is more likely in countries that are of low geopolitical importance. • Second, because information about the scope, intent, and effect of electoral misconduct shapes debates about the justifiability of punishment, enforcement is more likely when international election observers criticize the election. • Third, international actors glean information about whether the misconduct was intentional by observing governments’ behavior over time. Repeat offenders are more likely to be viewed as deserving punishment.

Second, if the ruling party or incumbent wins an election through manipulation, does it lose power to the opposition in the next election? Although improvements in electoral conduct and changes in electoral outcomes often coincide in practice, they are not necessarily linked. The quality of elections may improve over time in a country even if the same party continues to hold onto power. Moreover, as postcommunist electoral revolutions have taught us, ousting a cheating incumbent does not guarantee that future elections will be free and fair.

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