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Dates: Postharvest Science, Processing Technology and Health by Muhammad Siddiq, Salah M. Aleid, Adel A. Kader

By Muhammad Siddiq, Salah M. Aleid, Adel A. Kader

Dates are a major fruit, in particular in lots of African, Middle-Eastern and Asian nations. lately this fruit has received major value when it comes to international trade. in the course of the interval 1990–2009, international creation of dates observed a rise of 219% and this development is predicted to proceed as in keeping with FAO projections. a few of the significant demanding situations confronting date fruit creation and trade are concerns with regards to postharvest dealing with applied sciences, use of applicable processing and packaging applied sciences, nutrition safeguard features and caliber assurance.

This booklet offers modern info that brings jointly present wisdom and practices within the price chain of dates, from construction via to intake. that includes assurance on construction and postharvest applied sciences, cutting edge processing applied sciences, packaging, and caliber management. 

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Additional info for Dates: Postharvest Science, Processing Technology and Health Benefits

Sample text

Highly adapted cultivars of date palm, fruit trees, and annual crops are managed through refined social practices and institutions (Birch et al. 2011, Kraiem et al. 2012). The indigenous knowledge associated with this diversity and its management is crucial to ensure a sustainable life in the oases. , Al-Hassa in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), with an area of ∼7,000 ha, 92% of which is planted with date palms) typically cover thousands of hectares, contain a large number of date palm and other fruit trees, and are composed of a mixture of adapted cultivars (Al-Ghamdi 2001, Nabhan 2007).

2005, Al-Obeed and Soliman 2011). Successful horticultural cultivation and profitable commercial production of date palm require a long summer with high day above 18 ◦ C as well as night (∼6 ◦ C) temperatures, a frost-free and mild winter, and absence of rain at the time of flowering and fruit setting with low relative humidity and abundance of sunlight. Flowering is initiated when the shade temperature exceeds 18 ◦ C, and fruits are formed when it is more than 25 ◦ C. After pollination, and up until fruit ripening, the date palm grows better within the 21–27 ◦ C temperature range.

Therefore, safety of dates, just like other fruits and fruit products, begins with appropriate practices followed at farm level through processing. 1 Potential sources of fruit contamination Preharvest r Soil r Irrigation water r Animal manure r Inadequately composted manure r Wild and domestic animals r Inadequate field worker hygiene r Harvesting equipment Postharvest r Transport containers (field to packing facility) r Wash and rinse water r Unsanitary handling during sorting and packaging r Equipment used to soak, pack, or cut produce r Ice, for cooling produce r Cooling units (hydrocoolers) r Transport vehicles r Improper storage temperature r Improper packaging r Cross contamination in storage, display, and preparation Source: Anon.

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