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Critical Infrastructures at Risk : Securing the European by A.V. Gheorghe, M. Masera, M. Weijnen, L.J. De Vries

By A.V. Gheorghe, M. Masera, M. Weijnen, L.J. De Vries

Europe witnessed within the final years a couple of major strength contingencies. a few of them printed the potentiality of great effect at the welfare of society and prompted urgent questions about the reliability of electrical strength structures. Society has included electrical energy as an inherent part, quintessential for attaining the predicted point of caliber of existence. hence, any impingement at the continuity of the electrical energy provider will be in a position to misery society as a complete, affecting participants, social and financial actions, different infrastructures and crucial executive features. it'd be attainable to hypothesize that during severe occasions this might even disenchanted nationwide safeguard. This publication explores the capability hazards and vulnerabilities of the ecu electrical energy infrastructure, different infrastructures and our society as entire more and more depend upon. The paintings used to be initiated by way of the necessity to confirm the aptitude results of the continuing industry and technical transformation of the infrastructure, that's essentially altering its operation and function. the ultimate objective is to set the foundation for a suitable commercial and political European-wide reaction to the chance demanding situations.

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Additional info for Critical Infrastructures at Risk : Securing the European Electric Power System (Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality) (Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality)

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61, no. 138, pp. 0, An Invitation to a Dialogue, White House, 2000 5 The US National Strategy for Homeland Security adopted in July 2002 listed the following critical infrastructure sectors: agriculture, food, water, public health, Chapter 1 6 infrastructures went from: “those structures whose prolonged disruption could cause significant military and economic dislocation”, to – for instance: “organizations or facilities of key importance to public interest whose failure or impairment could result in detrimental supply shortages, substantial disturbance to public order or similar dramatic impact” (see SSI, 2004), adopted in Europe by the German authorities.

The inquiries into the causes and consequences of blackouts and other near misses, have heightened concerns at all levels of society regarding the stability of the electric power system and the potential crippling effects onto other vital systems. Such concerns follow from the evidence that the assumption of a continuous supply of electricity cannot be taken for granted. That assumption stemmed from many years in which the nationally designed, built and operated electricity grids were sufficiently fit for their purpose and robust to satisfy the ever-increasing demanded electricity.

After the technical feasibility and economic viability had been proven extensively, public authorities either took over from private firms, or established rules that enabled them to directly interfere with the planning, management and operation of the systems. Economies of scale by technological innovations and a growing sense of public utility value were the main drivers to implement interlocal connections and to expand the networks to rural areas. Universal access was generally made a requirement for utility companies, in addition to security and affordability of the public utility service.

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