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Cinnamon and Cassia: The Genus Cinnamomum by P. N. Ravindran, K Nirmal-Babu, M Shylaja

By P. N. Ravindran, K Nirmal-Babu, M Shylaja

Cinnamon and Cassia, the ''Spices of Life'', jointly represent some of the most familiar staff of spices. A accomplished quantity, Cinnamon and Cassia: Genus Cinnamomum explores intimately Srilankan cinnamon, chinese language cassia, Indonesian cassia, Indian cassia, camphor, and likewise the $64000 comparable and priceless spices of Cinnamomum. The introductory bankruptcy depicts the background of those spices, through an in depth research of botany and crop development that examines taxonomy, morphology, embryology, replica, and propagation. A bankruptcy on chemistry info the original composition of cinnamon and cassia; it precedes a proof of crop administration, harvesting, and processing of Srilankan cinnamon. This booklet issues out that Vietnamese and chinese language cassia are an analogous, with variations basically in harvesting and processing. it's also chapters on Indian and Indonesian types of cassia, in addition to overviews of the camphor tree, and insurance of cinnamon and cassia pharmacology, toxicology, finish makes use of, economics, and advertising. the quantity concludes with an informative bankruptcy on different economically helpful species of Cinnamomum. Written by means of a panel of specialists from all through Asia, this quantity is the single finished monograph on those spices, reaping rewards these engaged in learn, cultivation, advertising, processing, and product improvement.

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5 Foliar epidermal characteristics of some Cinnamomum spp. 1. C. tamala; 2. C. verum; 3. C. cassia; 4. C. camphora; 5. C. panthenxylon. a-lower epidermis; b-upper epidermis. In 1, 2 and 3 the cell walls are sinuous and stomata anomocytic; in 4 and 5 the cells are straight and stomata paracytic. Stomata Cinnamon leaves are hypostomatic, with stomata confined to the lower surface of leaves. Stomata are anomocytic, surrounded by a variable number of cells that are indistinguishable in size or form from the rest of the epidermal cells (Fig.

The plastids are distinctly small with reduced thylakoids. Stage 2: At this stage a suberised cell wall is deposited in the cells. This layer consists mostly of two to three discontinuous lamellae and sometimes up to six lamellae. Subsequently, additional wall material gets deposited. The cytoplasm at this stage contains many mitochondria, small plastids, and a slightly increased amount of dictyosomes. Stage 3 (Oil cells): Development during this stage differs in oil cells and mucilage cells. In the oil forming idioblasts a distinct layer of inner-wall material gets deposited against the suberised layer.

Fl. W. India, 374, 1874; Gamble, List Trees & Shrubs Darjeeling Dist. 63, 1878; ed. 2:64, 1896; Man. Ind. , 306, 1881; ed. , Fl. Brit. India, 5: 128, 1886; Watt, Dict. Econ. Prod. India 2, 319–323; 1889; Pax, in Engl & Pr. Nat. fl. fam; 3(2): 114, 1889; Gage, in Rec. bot. Surv. India 1: 355, 1893; 3(1): 98, 1904; Pharmc. J. 12 May 1894, 941; Kanjilal, For. Fl. W. Pror. 275, 1901; For. Fl. Sivalik 326, 1911; Prain, Bengal Pl. 2:899, 1903; in Rec. bot. Survey India 3(2): 270, 1905; Staub, Geschichte gen.

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