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China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia by Peter C. Perdue

By Peter C. Perdue

From approximately 1600 to 1800, the Qing empire of China accelerated to remarkable dimension. via astute international relations, financial funding, and a chain of bold army campaigns into the guts of important Eurasia, the Manchu rulers defeated the Zunghar Mongols, and taken all of recent Xinjiang and Mongolia less than their keep an eye on, whereas gaining dominant impression in Tibet. The China we all know is a made from those monstrous conquests.

Peter C. Perdue chronicles this little-known tale of China's growth into the northwestern frontier. not like past chinese language dynasties, the Qing completed lasting domination over the japanese 1/2 the Eurasian continent. Rulers used forcible repression while confronted with resistance, but in addition aimed to win over topic peoples by means of peaceable ability. They invested seriously within the financial and administrative improvement of the frontier, promoted exchange networks, and tailored ceremonies to the precise local cultures.

Perdue therefore illuminates how China got here to rule crucial Eurasia and the way it justifies that keep an eye on, what holds the chinese language state jointly, and the way its kin with the Islamic global and Mongolia built. He deals beneficial comparisons to different colonial empires and discusses the legacy left through China's frontier growth. The Beijing govt this day faces unrest on its frontiers from peoples who reject its autocratic rule. while, China has introduced an formidable improvement application in its inside that during some ways echoes the previous Qing rules.

China Marches West is a travel de strength that may essentially regulate the way in which we comprehend relevant Eurasia.

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Additional resources for China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia

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Thus the true world historical transformation that tipped the balance against unfettered nomadism happened from 1680 to 1760, and the Qing rulers were major forces in this momentous change. PART ONE The Formation of the Central Eurasian States 1 Environments, State Building, and National Identity T hree theoretical perspectives inform this work: frontier environments, state building, and the construction of national and ethnic identities through historical representation. Many historians, recognizing the critical role of the environment in shaping human affairs, have focused on the interaction between man and nature.

By contrast with the south, in the north nomads had less contact with settled cultivators and traded less with cities. The northern steppes are walled off from the ancient Middle East by the linked mountain ranges of the Sayan, Altai, Tianshan, Elburz, Pamir, and Hindu Kush. ] Camel caravan crossing Mongolia. Photo taken by Frederick Wulsin, 1923. land to the south is high plateaus, 500 to 1,000 meters in altitude. For the people of the north, the horse was far more important than the camel because of its ability to endure cold.

We shall see biological, naturalistic analogies invoked repeatedly by the enemies of the Zunghars, so as to exclude them from the human world and justify their extinction. During the age of high imperialism, in the nineteenth century, Westerners likewise portrayed Chinese as victims of natural forces, or as liable to sudden inexplicable outbreaks of violence. They applied simple stereotypes of determinism and Asian autocracy to explain China’s persistent resistance to 8 introduction Western intrusion.

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