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Boundaries of Contagion: How Ethnic Politics Have Shaped by Evan S. Lieberman

By Evan S. Lieberman

Why have governments spoke back to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in such other ways? up to now sector century, overseas enterprises and donors have disseminated huge assets and a suite of most sensible perform strategies to policymakers worldwide. but the governments of constructing nations in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin the USA, and the Caribbean proceed to enforce broadly various guidelines. barriers of Contagion is the 1st systematic, comparative research of the politics of HIV/AIDS. The e-book explores the political demanding situations of responding to a stigmatized situation, and identifies ethnic boundaries--the formal and casual associations that divide societies--as a valuable impact on politics and policymaking. Evan Lieberman examines the ways that threat and social festival get mapped onto well-institutionalized styles of ethnic politics. the place powerful ethnic barriers fragment societies into teams, the politics of AIDS usually tend to contain blame and shame-avoidance strategies opposed to segments of the inhabitants. In flip, executive leaders of such nations reply a ways much less aggressively to the epidemic. Lieberman's case reports of Brazil, South Africa, and India--three constructing international locations that face major AIDS epidemics--are complemented by way of statistical analyses of the coverage responses of Indian states and over seventy constructing international locations. The stories finish that diversified styles of ethnic pageant form how governments reply to this devastating challenge. the writer considers the results for governments and donors, and the expanding tendency to spot social difficulties in ethnic phrases.

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Extra resources for Boundaries of Contagion: How Ethnic Politics Have Shaped Government Responses to AIDS

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The vety identification of risk-the chance that something bad may happen to oneself or one's group-may be experienced as a damaging social psychological phenomenon. Although denial of profound problems may do harm in the longer term, and may appear irrational to an instrumentalist theory that considers individuals in isolation, such personal and political responses are consistent with social identity theory. My point is not to claim that people are prone to individually self-destructive behavior.

Unequal relations of power may make it difficult for women to insist that their husbands use condoms; in many contexts, women have little ability to regulate sexual advances. 87 See, for example, the contributions in Bayer and Kirp 1992. Probably the single best account of the initial history of AIDS in the United States is Shilts 2000. CoNcLUSION In this chapter, I have provided theoretical accounts of how social boundaries might affect perceptions and discourses of risk in response to exter- nal shocks, and generate identity-based conflicts disproportionate to dif- ferences among groups in ''objective" welfare or material interests.

Levi's (1988, 1997) arguments on the sources of consent and compliance suggest the value of democratic institutions. 64 A question that has been raised by several scholars, including Boone and Batsell 1999; Patterson 2006; De Waal 2006; Bor 2007. 65 Folayan 2004, 85. 66 Sen 2001, 9. 52 CHAPTER 2 considered more modest, probabilistic propositions about the impact of democracy, and two recent studies have found that in democracies the in- cidence of infant mortality is reduced. 67 The activism about AIDS and the dissemination of information by a wide range of actors in civil society in THEORY OF BOUNDARY POLITICS 53 space in which nongovernment actors may organize; and conversely, some countries with free and fair elections have little in the way of civil society.

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