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Babylonia Judaica in the Talmudic Period by Aharon Oppenheimer

By Aharon Oppenheimer

The Jews of historic Babylonia left their mark at the historical past at the Jewish humans greater than these of the other state within the Diaspora. in the course of the Sassanian interval Babylonia progressively outdated Eretz Israel because the top Jewish centre. The Babylonian Talmud demonstrated the lifestyle not just of the Jews of Babylonia within the interval during which it used to be produced; greater than the other paintings it formed the whole Jewish humans, its pondering, its lifestyle, its courting with the area round, its legislations and ideas throughout the ages.A complete therapy providing "western" proof including that of talmudic literature, hoewever, has previously been unavailable. the combo can help to advertise a greater knowing of the combined tradition involved. The research provides a handy complitaion of fabric that's greatly scattered.

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72. , pp. , pp. 978-1979): 96-97. , pp. 321-327; Lehmann, ZA 7 (1892): 330-332. , n. 15; Oelsner, Klio 60 (1978): 101-116; Sherwin-White, ZPE 47 (1982): 51-70. 1 9 2 0 2 1 2 2 2 3 — 53 — Babylon land restoration that Babylon, like Orchoi and Kuta, had an assembly linked with the temple, which recorded its deliberations in Accadian, and had its own officers, including some Greeks. There is thus good evidence to show that under the Seleucids Babylon enjoyed favorable treatment and an absence o f religious or cultural interference.

P n s "iBinn naxi w a a Vs XT' inV * p B ,xnss ^pen n a n nn mn 'a mm n m i o a xnsa? "rpe? mn Vaa ? ' B B mn o x a ' s m m a na . "nawn X B X B B 3 mnxBXBi" naxatr na n^p^ jXna"? "inVia ? lniTona 'xnsna xVx 7 y a p X ? Rav Hamnuna preached, A person seeing w i c k e d Babylon must pronounce five blessings. Seeing Babylon, he says, Blessed be He who destroyed wicked Babylon; seeing Nebuchadnezzar's house, he says, Blessed be He who de­ stroyed wicked Nebuchadnezzar's house. Seeing the lions' den or the fiery furnace, he says, Blessed be He who wrought miracles for our ancestors in this place .

But it is possible that they were still inhabited in Sassanian and early Arab times. Further east excavations have uncovered a Greek theatre and palaestra. Various stages have been observed. The original structure dates to the third or even the fourth century B . C . 36 3 7 A t various places in the city Jewish incantation bowls have been found in Parthian and later layers. Other small finds are published b y Wetzel et al. in the volume on Babylon after the neo-Babylonian period. cit. (in n. 19), pp.

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