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Assyrians, Kurds, and Ottomans: Intercommunal Relations on by Hirmis Aboona

By Hirmis Aboona

Many students, within the U.S. and in other places, have decried the racism and "Orientalism" that characterizes a lot Western writing at the center East. Such writings conflate various peoples and countries, and hobbies inside such peoples and international locations, into unitary and malevolent hordes, uncivilized reservoirs of hazard, whereas ignoring or downplaying analogous traits in the direction of conformity or barbarism in different areas, together with the West. Assyrians specifically be afflicted by outdated testomony and dad tradition references to their barbarity and cruelty, which forget about or downplay massacres or torture via the Judeans, Greeks, and Romans who're celebrated by means of heritage as ancestors of the West. This paintings, via its wealthy depictions of tribal and non secular variety inside of Mesopotamia, can assist function a corrective to this tendency of up to date writing at the heart East and the Assyrians particularly. additionally, Aboona's paintings additionally steps clear of the age-old oversimplified rubric of an "Arab Muslim" heart East, and into the cultural mosaic that's extra consultant of the area. during this e-book, writer Hirmis Aboona provides compelling study from a number of basic assets in English, Arabic, and Syriac at the old origins, glossy struggles, and specified tradition of the Assyrian tribes residing in northern Mesopotamia, from the plains of Nineveh north and east to southeastern Anatolia and the Lake Urmia sector. between different findings, this ebook debunks the tendency of contemporary students to query the continuity of the Assyrian id to the trendy day via confirming that the Assyrians of northern Mesopotamia informed the various earliest English and American viewers to the area that they descended from the traditional Assyrians and that their church buildings and id predated the Arab conquest. It info how the Assyrian tribes of the mountain dioceses of the "Nestorian" Church of the East maintained a shocking measure of independence until eventually the Ottoman governor of Mosul licensed Kurdish military to assault and subjugate or evict them. Assyrians, Kurds, and Ottomans is a piece that might be of significant curiosity and use to students of heritage, center japanese stories, diplomacy, and anthropology.

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Extra resources for Assyrians, Kurds, and Ottomans: Intercommunal Relations on the Periphery of the Ottoman Empire

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Illiteracy prevailed, especially among the independent and semi-independent tribes. During the period under study, Qasha (priest) Orahma of the Asheetha, who was considered the most leamed person among the Assyrian tribes, explained the leaming situation and why his people remained mostly illiterate by telling Badger, 'What do you expect? 28 Learning on modern lines was unknown among the Assyrians throughout the period oftheir decline. The situation changed only with the arrival of the westem missionaries, who provided several levels of education, notably theAmerican mission after Dr.

Memnon made his position quite c1ear by refusing to allow Nestorius and his adherents into the churches of the city. Patriarch John of Antioch had sent word ahead that he and his bishops would arrive Iate and asked for the opening of the council to be put off until they came; but Cyril, supported by Juvenal and Memnon, decided instead to speed things up. He c1early wished to take advantage of the situation, knowing that John and his bishops wanted to put him on trial for the anathemas he had hurled at Nestorius.

HeazeIl, The Woes of aDistressed Nation: Being an Account of the Assyrian People From 1914 to 1934 (London: Faith Press, 1934), 12. 9. Cutts, Christians Vnder the Creseent, 178. For the Assyrian custorns in the viiiage, see 20. 10. Maclean and Brown, The Catholicos, 11-12. 11. Cardinal Eugime Tisserant, secretaire de la s. Congregation oriental, L 'Eglise nestorienne (Paris: Letouzey et Ane, 1931), Arabic translation Kholasa Tarikhiya /il Kanisa al Kildanyiya, by Suleiman Saigh (Mosul, 1939), 147.

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