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Aspasius : on Aristotle Nicomachean ethics 1-4, 7-8 by Aspasius

By Aspasius

Till the release of this sequence approximately two decades in the past, the 15,000 volumes of the traditional Greek commentators on Aristotle, written in most cases among two hundred and six hundred advert, constituted the most important corpus of extant Greek philosophical writings now not translated into English or different ecu languages. Aspasius' statement at the Nicomachean Ethics, of which six books have come right down to us, is the oldest surviving Greek observation on any of Aristotle's works, courting to the center of the second one century advert. It bargains useful perception into the considering and pedagogical equipment of the Peripatetic university within the early Roman Empire, and gives illuminating discussions of various technical issues in Aristotle's treatise, in addition to necessary excursuses on such themes because the nature of the sentiments. this is often the 1st whole translation of Aspasius' paintings in any sleek language

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Aspasius : on Aristotle Nicomachean ethics 1-4, 7-8

Till the release of this sequence approximately 20 years in the past, the 15,000 volumes of the traditional Greek commentators on Aristotle, written ordinarily among two hundred and six hundred advert, constituted the most important corpus of extant Greek philosophical writings no longer translated into English or different ecu languages. Aspasius' observation at the Nicomachean Ethics, of which six books have come right down to us, is the oldest surviving Greek statement on any of Aristotle's works, courting to the center of the second one century advert.

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The definition was that ‘happiness is a certain kind of activity of the soul in accord with virtue’ (1099b26), that is, in important matters. ‘Of other goods, it is necessary that some pertain’ (1099b27) to the happy person, for example health and keen senses. For these things are necessary, without which it is impossible to live. For a virtuous person who was sick or in bitter and incurable conflicts would not choose to live (it seems to me that a friend too is among the necessary goods; for the worthy person would not choose to live without friends (cf.

Goods on account of other things], all those that are productive of goods in themselves are productive goods, for example what is pleasant is productive of pleasure, and gymnastics of health, if indeed health is among things that are good in themselves, while learning and training and hard work are productive of virtue. The preservative ones are those that are maintainers of goods in themselves, for example the things that doctors traditionally provide, which they call healthful, are maintainers of health.

Happiness is such a thing, for it is more choiceworthy than those things that are choiceworthy for themselves and for it, and hence it is the most final end, absolutely and properly speaking, since all other things are done for the sake of this. In addition, he demonstrates also on the basis of self-sufficiency that happiness is the most final end. For what is self-sufficient is final [or complete], and happiness is a self-sufficient thing; therefore happiness is final. That what is self-sufficient is final is obvious, for that which, when isolated and separated from other things, makes life choiceworthy is self-sufficient.

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