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Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History From the by T. Douglas Price

By T. Douglas Price

Even supposing occupied merely quite in brief within the lengthy span of global prehistory, Scandinavia is a rare laboratory for investigating prior human societies. the realm used to be primarily unoccupied till the tip of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of massive ice sheets left in the back of a clean, barren land floor, which used to be finally lined by way of natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive till someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric is still of human task in Scandinavia - a lot of it remarkably preserved in its toilets, lakes, and fjords - have given archaeologists a richly special portrait of the evolution of human society. during this booklet, Doug rate offers an archaeological historical past of Scandinavia-a land mass comprising the fashionable international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the arriving of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the top of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. developed equally to the author's prior publication, Europe prior to Rome, historic Scandinavia offers overviews of every prehistoric epoch via exact, illustrative examples from the archaeological checklist. An engrossing and accomplished photo emerges of swap around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter - gatherers to massive farming groups to the advanced warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a long time, which culminated within the astonishing upward push of the Vikings. the fabric facts of those prior societies - arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock artwork, superbly wrought weaponry, Viking warships - supply bright testimony to the traditional people who as soon as known as domestic this frequently unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable global.

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Extra info for Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History From the First Humans to the Vikings

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To the east, it covered Finland and much of northwestern Russia. 7). Annual temperatures were 8°–10°C (14°–18°F) colder than today, and the ice sheets reached their furthest extent. Only the western parts of Jylland and the west Norwegian coast were ice-free in Scandinavia. A large part of what is today the North Sea was ice-covered, connecting Jylland with Britain. The weight of this continental ice sheet pushed down the landmass of northern Europe, often to great depths. 9 miles) thick, and the land surface under that ice resembles a very deep bowl, higher at the edges where the ice is thinner.

The latter three species were ubiquitous throughout much of Europe in the early Holocene. There are important changes in the distribution of certain species during the Holocene. Bears, elk, and aurochs disappeared from the islands of southern Scandinavia, due to a combination of overhunting and limited carrying capacity on the islands. Aurochs were likely also absent in Sweden by this time. These species remained in Jylland and the rest of continental northern Europe. Red deer on the islands became noticeably smaller in size during the Holocene, likely a consequence of limited food resources on small islands (Foster 1964).

Iversen 1944, Odgaard 1989). 10 (Schrøder et al. 2004). The succession of vegetation in southern Scandinavia is well documented in this diagram. The fresh surface was colonized initially by steppe tundra, with a variety of herbaceous vegetation—sedges and grasses, with some dwarf birch. The first arboreal species to migrate into this region were juniper and birch along with aspen, prior to the Younger Dryas. Continued warming was responsible for the expansion of open birch forest with juniper, aspen, and willow across much of the 500 600 ch r ee B ld e sh A A ak O Li m e el El m az H en Pi ne sp A irc h r B ip e Ju n B C /A D Su nr M o u g se G wor ra t ss W ill ow ge A D ep th in cm P lace , T ime , and A rchaeology 19 −2000 −1000 PERIOD SUBATLANTIC 0 1000 700 2000 SUBBOREAL 3000 800 900 1000 1100 4000 FULL ATLANTIC 5000 6000 E.

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