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Advanced Energy Systems by Nik Khartchenko, Nikolai V. Khartchenko, Vadym M. Kharchenko

By Nik Khartchenko, Nikolai V. Khartchenko, Vadym M. Kharchenko

This moment version to a well-liked first offers a accomplished, totally up-to-date therapy of complex traditional strength new release and cogeneration vegetation, in addition to substitute strength applied sciences. geared up into elements: Conventional strength new release Technology and Renewable and rising fresh power Systems, the publication covers the basics, research, layout, and functional elements of complicated power platforms, therefore providing a robust theoretical historical past for hugely effective power conversion.

New and superior subject matters include:

  • Large-scale sun thermal electrical and photovoltaic (PV) plants
  • Advanced supercritical and ultra-supercritical steam strength iteration technologies
  • Advanced coal- and gas-fired strength crops (PP) with excessive conversion potency and coffee environmental impact
  • Hybrid/integrated (i.e., fossil gas + REN) strength iteration applied sciences, comparable to built-in sunlight combined-cycle (ISCC)
  • Clean power applied sciences, together with "clean coal," H2 and gas cellphone, plus built-in energy and cogeneration vegetation (i.e., traditional PP + gasoline mobilephone stacks)
  • Emerging tendencies, together with magnetohydrodynamic (MHD)-generator and regulated thermonuclear fusion reactor applied sciences with low/zero CO2 emissions
  • Large capability offshore and on-land wind farms, in addition to different renewable (REN) energy new release applied sciences utilizing hydro, geothermal, ocean, and bio power systems

Containing over 50 solved examples, plus challenge units, complete figures, appendices, references, and estate information, this sensible consultant to trendy power applied sciences serves strength engineering scholars and execs alike in layout calculations of power systems.

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Additional resources for Advanced Energy Systems

Sample text

The volume change work depends on the type of the thermodynamic process, that is, on the relationship between pressure p and the specific volume v of the working fluid. 1b. There are isochoric, isobaric, isothermal, and isentropic processes. Each of them can be considered as a special case of a general polytropic process. Consider the expressions for volume change work in all thermodynamic processes. , ΔV = 0), the volume of the working fluid remains constant, therefore the work W is zero. 10) In an isothermal process with ideal gas, T = const.

There are three types of heat exchangers: direct contact, recuperator, and regenerator heat exchangers [6,8]. Most of the heat exchangers used in energy systems are of the recuperator type with the heat transfer between the fluids across a separating wall. However, a rotating regenerator can be used as the air preheater in large-scale steam generators. There the hot gas heats a ceramic storage medium in one section, whereas the cold air simultaneously takes up the accumulated heat from another section.

Generally, the expansion work is considered to be positive and the compression work is negative. According to the first law of thermodynamics for a closed system, the heat Q added to the working fluid is partially converted into the displacement or volume change work W of the working fluid and to the change of internal energy ΔU of the working fluid. 1a. 1 Closed thermodynamic system for conversion of heat into work: (a) cylinder– piston arrangement with a working fluid and (b) volume change work in an expansion process on a p–v diagram.

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