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A Typology of Verbal Derivation in Ethiopian Afro-Asiatic by Tolemariam Fufa

By Tolemariam Fufa

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As shown in (38-39), in Amharic, assistive causation has its own form. The causation is expressed by the prefixation of the causative marking a-. In addition, the initial consonant of the base is geminated as an indication of the assimilation of the 41 Chapter 3 middle marking tä-. In assistive causatives the initial consonant of the root obligatorily followed by –a-. Semantically the caused events are fully instigated by the corresponding causees ïne-n ‘me’. The causers are only facilitators of the caused events.

Semantically the caused events are fully instigated by the corresponding causees ïne-n ‘me’. The causers are only facilitators of the caused events. In examples such as (38) the causer may provide the causee with relevant information and material. But in example (39) the causer simply accompanies the causee. In assistive causatives the causer and the causee bring the event together. Similative causative refers to a situation where someone speaks about another person’s mind as if he/ she were brought a caused event by his/ her thought or speech.

Direct causatives are causatives in which the causer manipulates the 7 Similative causatives resemble what is called “declarative” in Kulikov (2001). I use the term ‘similative’ because such causatives express meanings such as ‘look like’. 20 The Causative in Oromo causee in bringing about the causative event. In Oromo, single causatives are direct causatives while double causatives are indirect causatives. This means that there is direct relationship between the type of causative and the number of the causative morphemes; single causative morphemes correspond to direct causatives while double causative morphemes correspond to indirect causatives as shown below: 14.

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