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A Short Grammar of Kabardian by Ranko Matasović

By Ranko Matasović

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Extra resources for A Short Grammar of Kabardian

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These unusual rules on case assignment with causative verbs are related to the rules on case assignment in subordinate clauses (see below), where the case of the nouns in the main clause depends on the role of these nouns in the subordinate clause. Since it is transitive, the causative verb receives a personal prefix for the causer which takes the position of the prefix for the subject of a transitive verb (immediately before the causative prefix), and the noun denoting the causer is in the ergative; the order of the arguments in a sentence is the following: causer, agent, object, indirect object (recipient, patient).

Af. -af. g. zaġawan "make someone hit himself". 45 Kumaxov 1971: 206. g.. e. a-t-yə... -af. "(His) friend had five geese... and he made his mother cook them, and he brought them to the lord" Cf. also źan "burn" (intransitive): ġa-źan "burn" (transitive): ġa-ġa-źan "make someone burn". Case assignment with causative verbs is typologically very unusual46. The case of the arguments in a causative construction is not determined by that verb, which is always transitive, but by the verb from which the causative verb is derived.

The Actor is always 33 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian the thematic role closer to the left edge of the following hierarchy, while the Undergoer is always close to the right edge of the hierarchy36: conscifirst argument ous doer of activity of the action verbs first argument of a bivalent verb second arg. of a bivalent verb argument of a stative monovalent verb The conscious doer of the action (agent) is the traditional subject of verbs such as to hit, to kill and to cut; the first argument of activity verbs is the traditional subject of verbs such as to eat or to run, the first argument of a bivalent verb would be the subject of verbs such as to see, to know, and the second argument of a bivalent verb would be the traditional object of all bivalent verbs.

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