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A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north by Mark Durie

By Mark Durie

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Extra info for A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north Aceh (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde)

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A phrase can be separated from other phrases by pauses and it eontains a single stressed word. It is convenient to distinguish two kinds of stress: PHRASE STRESS and WORD STRESS. Phrase stress falls on the stressed word in the phrase (usually the final or penultimate word). Word stress falls on the final syllable of a word. Thus / i ' / 'water', /pa#de'/ 'rice', / m ï ï i # n a # S a h ' / 'meeting house'. This stress is realised when a word is pronounced in its citation form, or when it is the stressed word in a phrase.

Any word can be reduplicated (except those that are reduplicated in their root form), with a wide variety of semantic effects. It has been a common mistake of grammarians to treat emphatic reduplication as a word formation process. The main "false seent" for this is that often reduplication implies a plural sense, and this in languages that otherwise have no plural marking. Unfortunately I cannot give a single semantic characterisation of reduplication. Often the effect is to indicate plurality or increased degree of the reduplicated word, but sometimes the reduplication seems best glossed by English really.

Compare the vowel formants of [ t » t ° J and [ t o n ° J in figure 2-1. T h e acoustic closeness of [u] and [o] is mirrored by their auditory closeness. h A Grammar of Acehnese 18 F 0 Figure 2-3: Formant Plot of Oral Monophthongs The speaker is a male from the region of Caleue in Pidie. He had a consistently low Fundamental Frequency (about 100 Hz). This made it possible to obtain reasonably accurate measurements of the lower formants. The recordings were made with a Nagra 42 in a soundproof room and analysed from narrow-band sections, supptemented with wide-band spectrograms.

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