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A Cultural History of the English Language (The English by Gerry Knowles

By Gerry Knowles

This booklet provides a brand new interpretation of the background of English. entry to massive corpuses of English has allowed students to evaluate the trivialities of linguistic switch with a lot larger precision than prior to, usually pinpointing the beginnings of linguistic thoughts in position and time. the writer makes use of the findings from this study to narrate significant old occasions to alter within the language, particularly to parts of linguistic inquiry which have been of specific significance lately, similar to discourse research, stylistics and paintings on pidgins and creoles. The booklet doesn't try to chronicle adjustments in syntax or pronunciation and spelling, yet is designed to counterpoint a corpus-based research of formal alterations. the tale of English is cited to the overdue Nineteen Nineties to incorporate, among different issues, discussions of Estuary English and the results of the data superhighway.

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Extra info for A Cultural History of the English Language (The English Language Series)

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Irish Celtic is referred to as Gaelic, while British Celtic was spoken in Britain. Latin was originally the language of Latium, but came to be the dialect of Rome. The use of Latin spread with the growth of the Roman empire, which included modern Italy, Spain and Portugal, most of Britain, France, and Germany south of the Rhine and the Danube. Beyond Europe it included North Africa and Palestine. Following the decline of the empire from about the fifth century, Latin eventually disappeared as a spoken language on the periphery of the empire, including Africa, south Germany and Britain.

Anglo-Saxon writers understandably reported their activities in unfavourable terms, emphasizing their barbarity and ferociousness, and concentrating on the atrocities of leaders such as Eric Bloodaxe and Ivar the Boneless. In reality they must have been very similar to the English raiders who had come to Britain a few generations before. The early raiders seem to have come from Norway rather than Denmark (Geipel, 1971: 34). 1 under Language contact in Europe), and they later expanded from their settlements in Ireland to the north west of England and south-west Scotland.

In Kent the corresponding vowel was often written . For example, a word meaning 'give' was syllan in Wessex and sellan in Kent; it is of course from the Kentish form that we get the modern form sell. After the Norman conquest the [y] sound was spelt , and this is retained in the modern spelling of the word bury; the pronunciation of this word, however, has the vowel sound [e], and was originally a Kentish form. When England finally became a single kingdom, innovations would spread across the whole of the country, and begin to cross old borders.

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